An award granted for successful completion of a study programme of a minimum of 1200 notional learning hours, and is the formal outcome of an assessment and validation process which is obtained when a competent body determines that an individual has achieved pre-determined learning outcomes to pre-determined standards.

A package of standards or units judged to be worthy of formal recognition in a certificate. This means that a qualification may be a single module or unit, if that is deemed to be worthy of formal recognition. However, it should be noted that sometimes the term ‘qualification’ is used to refer only to substantial programmes leading to a well-recognised and historically grounded form of certification – such as a degree – or to a form of certification associated with the capacity to undertake a defined occupational role, in some cases associated with regulations for entry to employment i.e. a qualification to practice / meeting the requirements for practice.